Enhancing Communication Skills: Your Path to Success

Sections of this topic

    Some of the information on this topic is adapted from the books Field Guide to Leadership and Supervision in Business
    and Field Guide to Leadership and Supervision for Nonprofit Staff.

    Sections of This Topic Include

    Test – What is Your Preferred Style of Communication?
    What’s Your Communication IQ?
    Communications Tools to Use With Employees
    Additional Perspectives on Communications Skills

    Also, consider

    Communications (Organizational)

    Communications (Writing)

    Interpersonal Skills

    (exit interviews, by media, for a job, selecting job candidates, and research



    Related Library Topics

    Test – What is Your Preferred Style of Communication?

    Before you read more about how to communicate better, you might get an impression
    of your naturally preferred style of communication. Take this online test.


    What’s Your Communication IQ?

    © Copyright Marcia Zidle

    Communication, which occupies approximately 70% of our waking hours, is what
    many leaders find the most frustrating.

    Many of us were never taught to communicate in ways that lead to positive outcomes.
    Rather, we tend to experience annoyance, anger, or just give up on the person
    or the situation. Here’s how to communicate better to get better outcomes.

    Take a Quick Communication Quiz.

    Think of a recent important conversation How many of these questions can you
    answer YES to?

    1. Did I prepare ahead of time for this conversation?
    2. Did I think about what’s the best way to approach this person?
    3. Was I aware of the other person’s communication style and spoke to it?
    4. Did I pay full attention, without multitasking, to what the other person
      was saying?
    5. Was the intent of my communication to discuss and understand rather than
      be right?
    6. Did I listen, without interruption, to the other person’s point of view
      even if I didn’t agree?
    7. If I was asking the person to take a specific action, did I make my request
      clear and concise?
    8. Did I summarize what I thought I heard the other person say before expressing
      my point of view?
    9. Did I follow up to see if the conversation was successful – it led to a
      a positive outcome for the other?
    10. If the outcome did not meet my expectations, did I reflect on how to better
      communicate with that particular person?

    What’s Your Communication IQ?

    8-10 Yeses indicate you’re the tops. Keep up the good work.

    4-7 Yeses is OK. Brush up in certain areas.

    0-3 Yeses. You have work to do.

    To Raise Your Communication IQ:

    1. Talk less, hear more.

    We want to be heard and listened to but we don’t always concentrate on listening
    to others. We focus more on our agenda than on the other person’s concerns or

    2. Don’t shoot the messenger.

    We want to understand but our ability is tainted by our perceptions of the
    person speaking or the outcome we are looking for. So, we often pass judgment
    on the speaker and disregard the message. Concentrate on the message, not the

    3. Avoid mind reading.

    We want some kind of action or response from another person. However, we don’t
    let them know what we really want or how to achieve it. Before assuming the
    other knows what you want, first, inform and then ask for feedback.

    4. Stop pushing.

    We want agreement from others, so much so, that we often become consumed with
    being right or proving our point. Rather, look for areas of mutual agreement.
    Then work from there to create a greater outcome.

    Career Success Tip

    Steven Covey, author of Seven Habits of Highly Effective People, says; “Seek
    first to understand, then to be understood.” Therefore, in your communication,
    make sure to understand others before you start trying to be understood.

    Are there situations in which you need to raise your communication IQ? What
    do you need to do to get better outcomes? How will you know that you have been

    Communications Tools to Use With Employees

    © Copyright Carter McNamara

    Effective communication is the “life’s blood” of an organization. Organizations
    that are highly successful have strong systems of communication. One of the
    first signs that an organization is struggling is that communications have broken
    down. The following guidelines are basic in nature but comprise the critical
    fundamentals for ensuring strong ongoing, internal communications.

    1. Each employee writes a one-page weekly status report to his/her supervisor.

    These reports may seem a tedious task, but they are precious in ensuring that
    the employee and supervisor have a mutual understanding of what is going on. The
    reports also come in very handy for planning purposes. They make otherwise harried
    employees stand back and reflect on what they are doing. In the dated report,
    include a description of:

    1. What tasks were done last week?
    2. What tasks are planned for next week?
    3. Any current highlights, trends, or issues regarding your activities?

    2. Chief Executive Officer conducts employee-wide meetings.

    Employees greatly appreciate that the CEO finds time to talk to them, and the
    opportunity to meet their CEO in person.

    1. For clarity, focus, and morale, be sure to use agendas and ensure follow-up
    2. Mention any significant events for employees, for example, birthdays.
    3. Review the overall condition of the organization.
    4. Consider conducting “in-service” training about the organization where employees
      take turns describing their roles to the rest of the employees.
    5. Consider bringing in a customer to tell his/her story of how the organization
      helped them.

    3. Each supervisor conducts meetings with all employees together.

    Have these meetings even if there is not a specific problem to solve – just
    make them shorter. Holding meetings only when there are problems to solve cultivates
    a crisis-oriented environment where managers believe their only job is to solve

    1. Prepare for these meetings by reviewing the employee’s weekly status report.
    2. For clarity, focus, and morale, be sure to use agendas, take minutes, and
      ensure follow-up minutes.
    3. Facilitate the meetings to support the exchange of ideas and questions.
    4. Use these meetings for each person to briefly give an overview of what they
      doing that week. If the meeting includes 10 people or less, then have each
      give a one-minute description of what they did last week and plan to do next
    5. Have each person bring his/her calendar to ensure the scheduling of future
      meetings accommodate everyone’s calendar.

    Each supervisor conducts one-on-one, monthly meetings with each employee.

    This ultimately produces more efficient time management and supervision.

    1. Review the overall status of work activities.
    2. Hear the status from both the supervisor and the employee.
    3. Exchange feedback and answer any questions about current products and services.
    4. Discuss career planning, training plans, performance review plans, etc.

    4. Use memos.

    It is much more effective if important day-to-day information is written to
    people rather than said to people. The use of memos, or even e-mail messages, is
    ideal in these situations. In your memos or e-mail messages, include:

    1. “Subject” line, with a phrase describing the topic of the memo.
    2. “To” and “From” lines.
    3. “Date.”
    4. “Summary” describes the highlights in a paragraph near the top of the memo.
    5. “Action” specifies what you want the recipients to do with the information
      in the memo, for example: to respond, to take note, to start doing something, or to stop doing something.
    6. “Signature” line, which includes the signature of who wrote the memo.

    5. Every employee gets an Employee Manual.

    The Employee Manual includes all of the up-to-date personnel policies of the

    Additional Perspectives on Communications Skills

    Managing By Walking

    Dog on Communicating

    Coaching Tip – The Art of Being Succinct
    What’s Your Communication IQ?
    Your Communications May Not Be Communicating
    Best Practices: Your Approach to Great Communication
    Five Keys to Clear Communication
    When Facts Are Not Enough – 10 Tips for Communicating to a Non-Technical Audience
    Dialing for Dollars: Telephone Skills That Matter

    8 Coaching Tips to Enhance Interpersonal Communication
    10 Question Quiz – How Do You Communicate Messages?
    10 Tips to Communicate Messages Effectively
    Can You See Me Now? How to Speak When Your Audience Is Remote
    You Can Catch More Flies with Honey…Using Positive Communication Skills for Better Results
    Fighting the Dreaded Upward Inflection, Right?
    Useful Communications Skills — How to Paraphrase and Summarize
    Online Communications for Change Presentations

    Learn More in the Library’s Blogs Related to Communication Skills

    In addition to the articles on this current page, see the following blogs which
    have posts related to Improving Your Communication Skills. Scan down the blog’s
    page to see various posts. Also, see the section “Recent Blog Posts”
    in the sidebar of the blog or click on “next” near the bottom of a
    post in the blog.

    Coaching Blog

    Communications Blog

    Leadership Blog

    Supervision Blog

    For the Category of Communications:

    To round out your knowledge of this Library topic, you may want to review some related topics, available from the link below. Each of the related topics includes free, online resources.

    Also, scan the Recommended Books listed below. They have been selected for their relevance and highly practical nature.

    Library Topics

    Recommended Books on Interpersonal Communications

    Recommended Books on Business Writing