Sections on this Topic Include
Note that the reader might best be served to first read the topic Group Dynamics to understand the basic nature of most groups and their typical stages of development.
This document is focused especially on how to accomplish full participation in meetings. It is not necessarily a checklist on how to design and conduct meetings, including the physical aspects of meetings.
Much of what supports the active participation of group members lies in how the meeting is designed and managed.
- Design an agenda that specifies the purpose of the meeting, benefits to members, location, topics, and timing. Distribute it to potential attendees for their review.
- Considering meeting offsite. This minimizes interruptions and members’ preoccupation with their day-to-day activities.
- At the beginning of each meeting, get them involved early. For example, include introductions or do a brief “check-in” with each member.
- Have people share information about themselves. This is usually easier to talk about and initially, they may be more motivated to talk about themselves than planning.
- Have each member state what he or she wants from the meeting. Ask each member of the group to help others achieve their goals for the meeting. Post a sheet of each person’s wants. Review this list at the end of the meeting.
- If a member is absent from a meeting, acknowledge who is missing and find out why.
- Review ground rules, including the ground rule that “everyone participates.”
Consider some or all of the following in any order:
- Use break-out groups, or small groups, to increase attention and participation among members. Be sure to provide specific directions about what the groups are to accomplish and by when. Have a spokesperson for the small group.
- If the facilitator feels the group is in a lull, he or she should say so, and then ask the group if they agree and what they can do to get out of the lull.
- Allow time for individual thinking and taking notes.
- Build in physical movement periodically throughout the meeting.
- Bring in some jokes or cartoons and share them at different times. Be careful not to offend members who might misinterpret the humor as being insensitive.
- Post the mission, vision, and/or values statements of the organization(s) or group(s) on the walls where the meeting is held to remind people of why they are there.
- Do a Round-Robin about the current topic, asking each person what he or she thinks about the current activity or topic.
- Specifically address the quiet people, for example, mention, “We haven’t heard from you yet.” However, do not push people who seem reluctant to speak.
- For some groups, it might help to have each person bring an object and share it with the group as an initial icebreaker. This can increase personal involvement, trust, and confidentiality.
- Ask lots of questions for the group to answer.
- Use a variety of aids to ensure all learning styles are considered, such as spoken, visual, and kinesthetic. This is important to keep members with varying styles equally engaged.
- Share facilitation roles. Let someone else facilitate as you take the time to record, organize and prepare information.
Recognize and document results at the end of each meeting. This shows progress, promotes satisfaction, and cultivates fulfillment among members.
Within a week after the end of the meeting, have the meeting recorder (documenter) issue meeting minutes, including major actions and assignments from the meeting.
The following are group-based methods.
- Action Learning
- Board Committees
- Communities of Practice
- Conflict Management
- Focus Groups
- Group Coaching
- Group Conflict Management
- Group Dynamics (about the nature of groups, stages of group development, etc)
- Group Learning
- Group-Based Problem Solving and Decision Making
- Large-Scale Interventions
- Meeting Management
- Open Space Technology
- Self-Directed and Self-Managed Work Teams
- Team Building
- Training and Development
- Virtual Teams
Learn More in the Library’s Blogs Related to Facilitating
In addition to the articles on this current page, see the following blogs which have posts related to dialoguing. Scan down the blog’s page to see various posts. Also, see the section “Recent Blog Posts” in the sidebar of the blog or click on “Next” near the bottom of a post in the blog.
For the Category of Facilitation and Teams:
To round out your knowledge of this Library topic, you may want to review some related topics, available from the link below. Each of the related topics includes free, online resources.
Also, scan the Recommended Books listed below. They have been selected for their relevance and highly practical nature.